Medical gloves are considered common items nowadays. With different outstanding features, medical gloves or disposable gloves are used in many industries and fields. All the gloves, before being circulated in the market, have to go through different quality tests. Let’s learn about some evaluation standards of medical gloves with S&S Glove in the following article!
Medical gloves and their applications
Most of the medical gloves in Vietnam are made from rubber or have rubber components. Therefore, people collectively refer to these types of gloves as rubber gloves. The main use of these gloves is to protect hands against dangerous or harmful elements.
There are two popular types of medical gloves on the market:
+ Latex gloves: natural rubber components
+ Nitrile gloves: synthetic rubber components
Each type of glove has its own pros and cons. Users can depend on their own needs or the nature of work to choose the right type of glove. In general, with the goal of protecting hands and users’ health, rubber gloves of any kind will be evaluated based on certain criteria such as: durability, elasticity, waterproofing, chemical resistance or hypoallergenicity, irritation, etc.
Meaning of standards and certifications
Each country will have its own and different evaluation criteria for latex gloves. For example, in Canada, it will be assessed according to ISO standards, in the US will follow ASTM standards and in the European market it will be EN standards. The general evaluation criteria include: non-puncture, size and
them occur allergic reactions and skin irritation. What causes allergies and how to ease them? Let’s find out in the following article!
Reactions of allergic when wearing disposable gloves
Dermatology diseases caused by wearing gloves
When wearing gloves, some people are susceptible to some dermatology diseases that we often refer to allergies. However, these allergic reactions are classified into two groups: irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis to natural rubber or latex protein. These are the two most common dermatology diseases when users use rubber gloves frequently and for a long time.
Who have high risk of allergies?
The people who have high risk of allergies are those who usually wear disposable gloves for a long time, such as healthcare workers, laboratory workers, workers in the food processing industries, etc. In addition, those who have a history of allergy to natural rubber or have particularly sensitive skin are also at high risk of skin irritation. In addition, according to medical statistics, people with hand eczema, people with spina bifida or repeated bladder surgery have a higher risk of latex allergy.
Manifestations of allergies
Common manifestations of skin irritation and natural rubber allergy are red, itchy, uncomfortable and swollen rashes in the exposed skin. For example, the hand skin is red, blistered.
In case of an allergy to latex or latex protein, symptoms usually appear within minutes to an hour after exposure to natural rubber. Symptoms range from mild to severe, depending on the location, the amount of latex exposed and the level of response of each person. In addition to the above symptoms, the allergic reaction can spread to other areas of the body such as the face, around the eyelids and lips. At the same time, there is a possibility of sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, even leading to anaphylaxis.
The causes of skin allergies
Irritant contact dermatitis when wearing disposable gloves results from skin clogging when wearing gloves, soaps and detergents that have not been thoroughly washed before wearing gloves. Allergic contact dermatitis to rubber (type IV hypersensitivity) and latex allergy (type I hypersensitivity) occur as a result of a type I hypersensitivity reaction to the latex protein in natural rubber. Latex protein or powdered latex gloves also causes allergy symptoms.
However, with synthetic rubber gloves, such as nitrile gloves, chemicals are added during the production of neoprene such as carbamates, thiuram and mercaptos can also cause allergies. However, symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis occur more slowly over several hours or days. Common symptoms are a red, itchy rash.
How to handle allergies and skincare when wearing gloves
How to deal with allergies
When symptoms of skin irritation or allergy appear, immediately stop using gloves, wash hands and let the skin “breathe”. You can use topical steroids on the irritated skin; Use topical antibiotics if there is a superinfection. Injured skin needs time to heal before resuming wearing gloves and working. However, with more severe inflammatory skin reactions, it is necessary to see a dermatologist for advice and treatment.
Preventive measures & skin care
To limit irritation, should dry hands completely before wearing gloves, avoid wet hands, squash leads to skin damage. When washing hands using mild soap-free cleansers, alcohol-based (>60% ethanol or 70% isopropanol) hand sanitizer products are recommended. Before and after wearing work gloves, it is advisable to apply a moisturizer, preferably one that contains ceramides. Note that rings or other accessories should not be worn when wearing gloves because chemicals that cause skin irritation can be deposited under these objects after washing hands.
In case of allergy to natural rubber and powder in gloves, alternative solutions can be selected. Generally, the two best latex glove alternatives are nitrile gloves, which are made from neoprene, and vinyl gloves, which are made from PVC. However, in many cases, nitrile gloves are considered the most optimal alternative when they possess superior protective properties, while minimizing the possibility of causing allergies.