With so many choices in hand protection, matching gloves to a particular work environment can be confused. These guidelines can help youchoose right disposable gloves choose right disposable gloves against chemical exposure. Most hand injuries, exposures, and skin diseases can be easily prevented by wearing protective gloves. Unfortunately, they are sometimes not used because a worker may feel that, in addition to posing a danger, they also encounter the way the job is done. That’s why it’s important to choose gloves that suit both needs: dexterity and personal protection.
How do you choose the type of protective glove best suited for a particular workplace application? Choosing the right gloves isn’t just about choosing the right size. Gloves should be selected on the basis of the material to be handled, the specific hazard involved and their suitability for the activity being conducted. However, before choosing the right gloves, it is important to determine the exact environment in which the gloves will be used. While there are dozens of styles and types of gloves to protect against chemical hazards, the most common include:
According to Don Groce, research chemist for Best Manufacturing, natural rubber, or latex, gloves are the cheapest and most common type of glove used in an occupational setting. ” Latex is not chemically resistant. It is mainly used in the food industry and medical industry because it protects well against pathogens in the blood,” he said. choose right disposable gloves
One concern when using latex, however, is the potential for an allergic reaction to the powder coating on the gloves, which has been shown to result in skin rashes. There is also the possibility of a hypersensitivity reaction (eg, contact dermatitis or asthma) to latex
To be able to help you choose right disposable gloves, let’s start to understand the properties of this gloves. Nitrile gloves have good chemical resistance, in general, and are generally cheaper than other gloves. As a result, they are used in more applications than most gloves, according to North Safety’s Seebode. “Nitrile is a feature of chemical resistant gloves. Chemical manufacturers will use nitrile as working gloves around the plant,” he said. Nitrile gloves are very resistant to gasoline, kerosene and other petroleum solvents (making them a major ingredient in gas pumps). In an effort to prevent latex allergies, medical gloves are often made from nitrile because it is also resistant to oils and fats in the body, Groce explains.
However, nitrile gloves are not recommended for use with ketones, strong oxidizing acids and nitrogen-containing organic chemicals, according to Jim Slosser, consultant for QRP and Guardian. “Nitrile also tends to be quite fire resistant,” he added.
Neoprene gloves provide excellent chemical resistance to a wide range of hazardous chemicals including acids, alcohols, oils and inks, according to Art Schell, chief executive officer of Arbill. In fact, Best’s Groce calls neoprene an “acid glove” for its superior protection against acids and bases and many organic chemicals. Another characteristic of this polymer, according to Garner of Memphis Gloves, is its flexibility and dexterity. “Neoprene is great in situations where good sensitivity and grip are needed.” Neoprene gloves are not recommended for use with inorganic oxidizing agents, however, such as nitric acid or concentrated chromic acid. choose right disposable gloves
4. PVC (polyvinylchloride)
PVC gloves (also known as plastic or vinyl) are used frequently in the petrochemical industry, according to Groce. “The main reason they’re used is because they’re inexpensive and you can almost use them as a disposable glove.” In addition to being inexpensive, PVC gloves are durable and have good cut and cut resistance, he says.
Slosser added that PVC gloves have better chemical resistance than other polymers to dilute oxidizing agents such as nitric, chromic, hydrochloric and phosphoric acids. They also fight aging. choose right disposable gloves
Slosser does not recommend the use of PVC gloves with acetone, ketone, ether and aromatic or chlorinated solvents. “Some concentrated acids and solvents actually extract the plasticizer and harden the PVC gloves, causing them to harden,” he explains.
A major application for butyl gloves is for working with gases – chlorine gas or hydrogen cyanide, for example, according to Groce. “The reason is because butyl has a very low permeability to gases. It is used for the inner tubes of tires because it has such a tight molecular structure.” Butyl is also used by the military for chemical warfare suits because chemical warfare agents cannot penetrate it, Groce said. He recommends using methyl ethyl ketone, acetone or other similar cleaners. “They’re gas gloves and ketone gloves,” he said. choose right disposable gloves
However, one of the downsides of using butyl gloves is its price. “Butyl is one of the more expensive glove materials,” explains Schell.
Viton is the most expensive polymer to produce, but it is also the most effective. “We call it the ultimate polymer,” says Groce, “not just because it’s so expensive, but because it works when something else doesn’t.”
Viton was developed for use in the aerospace industry due to its resistance to chemicals and extreme temperatures. “Viton is the same thing used in the o-rings on the Challenger Space Shuttle,” Groce offered. choose right disposable gloves
Viton gloves are used when handling aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene and xylene. “In the case of benzene, which has been shown to cause liver cancer in workers, you want to be protected against it,” explains Groce. “You will use viton.”
7. Check out the real environment
One thing to keep in mind when choosing the right gloves for a particular work environment is that the data provided on the chemical resistance chart is based on laboratory conditions, notes North’s Seebode. “What happens in the lab and what happens in the field are always different. When you start using a new glove or a different glove, things like temperature and other conditions change. You have to test the gloves in your own condition. choose right disposable gloves
Another good rule of thumb, according to Weiss, is to remember that each chemical resistance chart applies to one manufacturer’s gloves. “Just because a glove manufacturer rates their particular glove as ‘good’ for a particular chemical, you cannot assume that all glove manufacturers have the same polymer (there are gloves that provide level) same resistance.” Each manufacturer has proprietary ways of making gloves that can affect density and ultimately waterproofing. Bottom line: “Until you test the glove under your specific conditions, you won’t know if it’s the right glove for the job.”